α-MSH production, receptors, and influence on neopterin in a human monocyte/macrophage cell line

N. Rajora, G. Ceriani, A. Catania, R. A. Star, M. T. Murphy, J. M. Lipton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

145 Scopus citations

Abstract

α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), a tridecapeptide derived from proopiomelanocortin, has potent antiinflammatory activity in laboratory animals, α-MSH inhibits nitric oxide production by murine macrophages, an influence believed to reflect activation of an autocrine circuit in these cells, one that is based on production and release of α-RISH and subsequent stimulation of melanocortin receptors. We found that THP-1 cells, human monocytic cells, produced α-MSB; this production was increased by interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor α or concanavalin A. These cells also expressed the gene for the human α-MSH receptor MC1. Unlike murine macrophages, TMP-1 cells produced little nitrite in response to interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and lipopolysaccharide, and α-MSH inhibited this production only slightly. However, production of neopterin, a presumed primate homologue of nitric oxide in lower animals, was increased in THIP-1 cells stimulated with IFN-γ plus TNF-α and α-RLSH significantly inhibited this production. The evidence indicates that an autocrine regulatory circuit based on α-MSH occurs in human monocyte/macrophages much as in murine macrophages. α-MSH-induced modulation of specific inflammatory mediators/cytotoxic agents appears to differ depending on the importance of the mediators in the myelomonocytic cells of different species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-253
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1996

Keywords

  • Autocrine regulations
  • IL-6
  • Inflammation
  • Melanocortin receptors
  • Nitric oxide
  • TNF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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