γ-glutamyl transpeptidase is up-regulated on memory T lymphocytes

David R. Karp, Margaret L. Carlisle, Angela B. Mobley, Timothy C. Nichols, Nancy Oppenheimer-Marks, Ruth I. Brezinschek, V. Michael Holers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ectoenzyme γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) hydrolyzes glutathione (GSH), is required for the maintenance of normal intracellular GSH levels and modifies the activity of GSH-containing adducts. Previous data suggested that this enzyme was present on mitogen-activated T lymphocytes. However, the level of GGT protein expression on human mononuclear cell subsets has not been determined. A novel mAb to human GGT, 3A8, was developed. 3A8 was used to show that the expression of GGT is, in fact, highest on resting T cells that express markers of the memory phenotype, specifically CD45RO and decreased expression of CD45RB. The peripheral blood of patients with rheumatoid arthritis was found to have expanded numbers of T cells expressing levels of GGT up to 10-fold higher than controls. In addition, the CD4+ T cell subset with the capacity to migrate across a human endothelial cell monolayer expresses high GGT levels. GGT expression was up-regulated on peripheral blood T cells following activation in vitro by either superantigen, phorbol ester, or IL-15, a stimulatory cytokine synthesized in rheumatoid synovium. Resting peripheral blood T cells that express GGT have higher levels of intracellular thiols than those that do not. These observations suggest that GGT may play an important role in the regulation of lymphocytes that are at a particular developmental stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1791-1800
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Immunology
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Cell surface molecules
  • Cellular differentiation
  • Glutathione
  • Human
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • T lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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