2019 American Heart Association Focused Update on Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: Use of Advanced Airways, Vasopressors, and Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation during Cardiac Arrest: An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care

Ashish R. Panchal, Katherine M. Berg, Karen G. Hirsch, Peter J. Kudenchuk, Marina Del Rios, José G. Cabanãs, Mark S. Link, Michael C. Kurz, Paul S. Chan, Peter T. Morley, Mary Fran Hazinski, Michael W. Donnino

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fundamentals of cardiac resuscitation include the immediate provision of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation combined with rapid defibrillation (as appropriate). These mainstays of therapy set the groundwork for other possible interventions such as medications, advanced airways, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and post-cardiac arrest care, including targeted temperature management, cardiorespiratory support, and percutaneous coronary intervention. Since 2015, an increased number of studies have been published evaluating some of these interventions, requiring a reassessment of their use and impact on survival from cardiac arrest. This 2019 focused update to the American Heart Association advanced cardiovascular life support guidelines summarizes the most recent published evidence for and recommendations on the use of advanced airways, vasopressors, and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation during cardiac arrest. It includes revised recommendations for all 3 areas, including the choice of advanced airway devices and strategies during cardiac arrest (eg, bag-mask ventilation, supraglottic airway, or endotracheal intubation), the training and retraining required, the administration of standard-dose epinephrine, and the decisions involved in the application of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation and its potential impact on cardiac arrest survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E881-E894
JournalCirculation
Volume140
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2019

Keywords

  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • advanced cardiac life support
  • airway management
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • heart arrest
  • vasoconstrictor agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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