3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria: a new assay of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase using high performance liquid chromatography

Kenneth M. Gibson, Lawrence Sweetman, William L. Nyhan, Theodore M. Page, Carol Greene, Howard M. Cann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new assay has been developed for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase, the final enzyme in the leucine degradative pathway. The assay was performed by incubating lysates of fibroblasts with [glutaryl-3-14C](d,l)-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A. The products were analysed by high performance liquid chromatography with continuous liquid scintillation counting. This provided simultaneous identification and quantification of one of the enzymatic products, [3-14C] acetoacetic acid. The mean 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase activity in fibroblasts from five controls was 732 ± 81 (SD) pmol/min · mg protein. Using this assay, we have studied skin fibroblasts cultured from a patient with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria and found 3% of normal 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase activity. The activities in skin fibroblasts cultured from the parents were 46 and 53% of control activity which is consistent with heterozygocity. Kinetic studies of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase in skin fibroblasts cultured from two normal subjects yielded Km values of 14.4 and 18.8 μmol/l for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-181
Number of pages11
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 9 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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