A biopsychosocial approach to asthma in adolescents encountering child protective services

Sarah B. Woods, Lenore M. McWey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

ObjectiveTo further test the validity of the Biobehavioral Family Model (BBFM), a biopsychosocial approach to explaining the effects of family processes on illness, by testing the model with adolescents with asthma involved in child protective services (CPS), a sample for whom the model's constructs are highly relevant.MethodsData are from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, CPS sample (n=5,501). Adolescents with asthma (n=101, ages 11-15 years) self-reported their negative family emotional climate (NFEC; caregiver psychological aggression and caregiver relationship quality), caregiver-adolescent relational security, and depressive symptoms. Caregivers rated adolescent health quality. Models were tested using path analyses and bootstrapping.ResultsPath analyses and bootstrapping results demonstrate support for the BBFM in explaining health quality for this sample.ConclusionsApplying the BBFM to families involved with CPS demonstrates pathways by which family processes affect health quality of adolescents with asthma, underscoring the need for biopsychosocial assessments and services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-413
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2012

Keywords

  • asthma
  • child abuse and neglect
  • depression
  • family functioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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