A block at Man5GlcNAc2-pyrophosphoryldolichol in intact but not disrupted castanospermine and swainsonine-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells

Yucheng Zeng, Mark A. Lehrman

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Abstract

A mutation in glycoprotein processing inhibitor-resistant (PIR) Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was previously shown to result in a block at the Man5GlcNAc2 stage of the dolichol-oligosaccharide biosynthetic pathway (Lehrman, M.A., and Zeng, Y. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 1584-1593). These cells had normal mannose-P-dolichol synthase activity and were able to transfer the Man5GlcNAc2 oligosaccharides to protein. We have now characterized the mutation in greater detail. In PIR cells, biosynthesis of GDP-mannose and mannose-P-dolichol was normal, and pulse-chase analysis indicated that the rate of Man5GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol formation in vivo was similar to that in parental CHO cells but without subsequent formation of larger intermediates. Cell fusion studies demonstrated that the PIR genotype was recessive and that PIR cells could complement the mutation in B4-2-1 cells, which fail to synthesize mannose-P-dolichol. In contrast to the results obtained with intact cells, incubation of membrane preparations of PIR cells with GDP-[3H]mannose resulted in the synthesis of intermediates containing up to 9 mannose residues, indicating that the cells contained active mannosyl-transferases VI to IX. With a simplified assay for the formation of intermediates containing 6 to 9 mannoses, it was shown that physical disruption of PIR cells was able to eliminate the block at the pentamannosyl stage. Furthermore, although the temperature requirements of the reactions for the control CHO and PIR membranes were similar, Man5GlcNAc2-elongating activity in CHO membranes was inhibited by alkaline pH treatment, whereas this treatment irreversibly stimulated the activity in PIR membranes. Taken together, these results suggest that the PIR cells have a recessive defect, and that the missing gene product is required by mannosyltransferase VI in vivo for proper utilization of either mannose-P-dolichol or Man5GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol. Since the defect was manifested in vivo but not in vitro, this requirement appears necessary for intact cells but not for disrupted cells or isolated membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2296-2305
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 29 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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