A Comparative Analysis of Frailty, Disability, and Sarcopenia With Patient Characteristics and Outcomes in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery

Omar S. Akbik, Nadeem Al-Adli, Mark N. Pernik, William H. Hicks, Kristen Hall, Salah G. Aoun, Carlos A. Bagley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Design: Retrospective case series study. Objectives: This study aims to compare preoperative indices, including the modified frailty index-11 (mFI-11), modified frailty index-5 (mFI-5), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and psoas muscle index (PMI), as they relate to outcomes in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. Methods: We identified 235 patients who underwent thoracolumbar ASD surgery (≥4 levels). The mFI-11, mFI-5, ODI, and PMI were determined from preoperative visits and correlated to outcome measures, including perioperative transfusion, duration of anesthesia, hospital and ICU length of stay (LOS), discharge disposition, readmission, change in ODI at last follow-up, revision surgery, and mortality. Results: Our cohort had a mean age of 69.6 years and a male:female ratio of 1:2 with 177 undergoing an index surgery and 58 patients presenting after a failed multilevel fusion. The average number of levels fused was 9.3. The mFI-11 and mFI-5 were similar in predicting the need for intraoperative and postoperative transfusion. However, the mFI-11 was able to predict longer ICU and hospital LOS and mortality. The average preoperative ODI was 44.9% with an average decrease of 10.1% at the last follow-up. Preoperative ODI was the most significant predictor of postoperative change of ODI. Sarcopenia, defined as the lowest quartile of PMI values measured at L3 and L4, was not associated with any meaningful outcomes. Conclusion: The mFI-11 better correlated with outcomes, indicating its increased prognostic value compared to other preoperative indices in ASD surgery. Preoperative ODI remains a significant predictor of postoperative change in ODI when evaluating ASD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • adult spinal deformity
  • disability
  • frailty
  • sarcopenia
  • spine surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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