A core of three amino acids at the carboxyl-terminal region of glutamine synthetase defines its regulation in cyanobacteria

Lorena Saelices, Rocío Robles-Rengel, Francisco J. Florencio, M. Isabel Muro-Pastor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glutamine synthetase (GS) type I is a key enzyme in nitrogen metabolism, and its activity is finely controlled by cellular carbon/nitrogen balance. In cyanobacteria, a reversible process that involves protein-protein interaction with two proteins, the inactivating factors IF7 and IF17, regulates GS. Previously, we showed that three arginine residues of IFs are critical for binding and inhibition of GS. In this work, taking advantage of the specificity of GS/IFs interaction in the model cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 and Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, we have constructed a different chimeric GSs from these two cyanobacteria. Analysis of these proteins, together with a site-directed mutagenesis approach, indicates that a core of three residues (E419, N456 and R459) is essential for the inactivation process. The three residues belong to the last 56 amino acids of the C-terminus of SynechocystisGS. A protein-protein docking modeling of SynechocystisGS in complex with IF7 supports the role of the identified core for GS/IF interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-496
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume96
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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