The Los Alamos code MCNP4A (Monte Carlo N-Particle version 4A) is currently used to simulate a variety of problems ranging from nuclear reactor analysis to boron neutron capture therapy. A graphical user interface has been developed that automatically sets up the MCNP4A geometry and radiation source requirements for a three-dimensional Monte Carlo simulation using computed tomography data. The major drawback for this dosimetry system is the amount of time to obtain a statistically significant answer. A specialized patch file has been developed that optimizes photon particle transport and dose scoring within the standard MCNP4A lattice geometry. The transport modifications produce a performance increase (number of histories per minute) of approximately 4.7 based upon a 6 MV point source centered within a 30>(30X 30 cm3 lattice water phantom and 1 x 1 x 1 mm3 voxels. The dose scoring modifications produce a performance increase of approximately 470 based upon a tally section of greater than 1 x 104 lattice elements and a voxel size of 5 mm3. Homogeneous and heterogeneous benchmark calculations produce good agreement with measurements using a standard water phantom and a high- and low-density heterogeneity phantom. The dose distribution from a typical mediastinum treatment planning setup is presented for qualitative analysis and comparison versus a conventional treatment planning system.
- Computed tomography
- Monte Carlo
- Treatment planning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging