A cytoplasmic acyl-protein thioesterase that removes palmitate from G protein α subunits and p21(RAS)

Joseph A. Duncan, Alfred G. Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

287 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thioacylation is one of a handful of reversible covalent protein modifications, but the enzymes responsible for addition and removal of long chain fatty acids from protein cysteine residues in vivo have not yet been identified. The α subunits of some heterotrimeric G proteins cycle between thioacylated and deacylated states in a receptor-regulated fashion. We have identified, purified, and characterized an enzyme acyl-protein thioesterase that deacylates Gα proteins and at least some other thioacyl protein substrates, including Ha-RAS. The action of this enzyme on thioacylated heterotrimeric G(s) is regulated by activation of the G protein. Although native and recombinant acyl-protein thioesterases act as both acyl-protein thioesterases and lysophospholipases in vitro, we demonstrate by transfection that the enzyme can accelerate the turnover of thioacyl groups on G(s)α in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15830-15837
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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