A Krüppel-like factor KLF15 Contributes Fasting-induced Transcriptional Activation of Mitochondrial Acetyl-CoA Synthetase Gene AceCS2

Joji Yamamoto, Yukio Ikeda, Haruhisa Iguchi, Takahiro Fujino, Toshiya Tanaka, Hiroshi Asaba, Satoshi Iwasaki, Ryoichi X. Ioka, Izumi W. Kaneko, Kenta Magoori, Sadao Takahashi, Toshiyuki Mori, Hiroshi Sakaue, Tatsuhiko Kodama, Masashi Yanagisawa, Tokuo T. Yamamoto, Sadayoshi Ito, Juro Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acetyl-CoA synthetase 2 (AceCS2) produces acetyl-CoA for oxidation through the citric acid cycle in the mitochondrial matrix. AceCS2 is highly expressed in the skeletal muscle and is robustly induced by fasting. Quantification of AceCS2 transcripts both in C2C12 and human myotubes indicated that fasting-induced AceCS2 gene expression appears to be independent on insulin action. Characterization of 5′-flanking region of the mouse AceCS2 gene demonstrates that Krüppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) plays a key role in the trans-activation of the AceCS2 gene. Deletion and mutation analyses of AceCS2 promoter region revealed that the most proximal KLF site is a curtail site for the trans-activation of the AceCS2 gene by KLF15. Using Sp-null Drosophila SL2 cells, we showed that the combination of KLF15 and Sp1 resulted in a synergistic activation of the AceCS2 promoter. Mutation analyses of three GC-boxes in the AceCS2 promoter indicated that the GC-box, located 8 bases downstream of the most proximal KLF15 site, is the most important GC-box in the synergistic trans-activation of the AceCS2 gene by KLF15 and Sp1. GST pull-down assays showed that KLF15 interacts with Sp1 in vitro. Quantification of various KLF transcripts revealed that 48 h fasting robustly induced the KLF15 transcripts in the skeletal muscle. Together with the trans-activation of the AceCS2 promoter, it is suggested that fasting-induced AceCS2 expression is largely contributed by KLF15. Furthermore, KLF15 overexpression induced the levels of AceCS2 transcripts both in myoblasts and in myotubes, indicating that AceCS2 gene expression in vivo is indeed induced by KLF15.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16954-16962
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Krüppel-like factor KLF15 Contributes Fasting-induced Transcriptional Activation of Mitochondrial Acetyl-CoA Synthetase Gene AceCS2'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this