A Legionella effector ADP-ribosyltransferase inactivates glutamate dehydrogenase

Miles H. Black, Adam Osinski, Gina J. Park, Marcin Gradowski, Kelly A. Servage, Krzysztof Pawłowski, Vincent S. Tagliabracci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

ADP-ribosyltransferases (ARTs) are a widespread superfamily of enzymes frequently employed in pathogenic strategies of bacteria. Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of a severe form of pneumonia known as Legionnaire’s disease, has acquired over 330 translocated effectors that showcase remarkable biochemical and structural diversity. However, the ART effectors that influence L. pneumophila have not been well defined. Here, we took a bioinformatic approach to search the Legionella effector repertoire for additional divergent members of the ART superfamily and identified an ART domain in Legionella pneumophila gene0181, which we hereafter refer to as Legionella ADP-Ribosyltransferase 1 (Lart1) (Legionella ART 1). We show that L. pneumophila Lart1 targets a specific class of 120-kDa NAD+-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) enzymes found in fungi and protists, including many natural hosts of Legionella. Lart1 targets a conserved arginine residue in the NAD+-binding pocket of GDH, thereby blocking oxidative deamination of glutamate. Therefore, Lart1 could be the first example of a Legionella effector which directly targets a host metabolic enzyme during infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100301
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume296
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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