A measurement of coherent neutral pion production in neutrino neutral current interactions in the NOMAD experiment

C. T. Kullenberg, S. R. Mishra, M. B. Seaton, J. J. Kim, X. C. Tian, A. M. Scott, M. Kirsanov, R. Petti, S. Alekhin, P. Astier, D. Autiero, A. Baldisseri, M. Baldo-Ceolin, M. Banner, G. Bassompierre, K. Benslama, N. Besson, I. Bird, B. Blumenfeld, F. BobisutJ. Bouchez, S. Boyd, A. Bueno, S. Bunyatov, L. Camilleri, A. Cardini, P. W. Cattaneo, V. Cavasinni, A. Cervera-Villanueva, R. Challis, A. Chukanov, G. Collazuol, G. Conforto, C. Conta, M. Contalbrigo, R. Cousins, H. Degaudenzi, A. De Santo, T. Del Prete, L. Di Lella, E. do Couto e Silva, J. Dumarchez, M. Ellis, G. J. Feldman, R. Ferrari, D. Ferrère, V. Flaminio, M. Fraternali, J. M. Gaillard, E. Gangler, A. Geiser, D. Geppert, D. Gibin, S. Gninenko, A. Godley, J. J. Gomez-Cadenas, J. Gosset, C. Gößling, M. Gouanère, A. Grant, G. Graziani, A. Guglielmi, C. Hagner, J. Hernando, P. Hurst, N. Hyett, E. Iacopini, C. Joseph, F. Juget, N. Kent, O. Klimov, J. Kokkonen, A. Kovzelev, A. Krasnoperov, S. Kulagin, S. Lacaprara, C. Lachaud, B. Lakić, A. Lanza, L. La Rotonda, M. Laveder, A. Letessier-Selvon, J. M. Levy, J. Ling, L. Linssen, A. Ljubičić, J. Long, A. Lupi, V. Lyubushkin, A. Marchionni, F. Martelli, X. Méchain, J. P. Mendiburu, J. P. Meyer, M. Mezzetto, G. F. Moorhead, D. Naumov, P. Nédélec, Yu Nefedov, C. Nguyen-Mau, D. Orestano, F. Pastore, L. S. Peak, E. Pennacchio, H. Pessard, A. Placci, G. Polesello, D. Pollmann, A. Polyarush, C. Poulsen, B. Popov, L. Rebuffi, J. Rico, P. Riemann, C. Roda, A. Rubbia, F. Salvatore, O. Samoylov, K. Schahmaneche, B. Schmidt, T. Schmidt, A. Sconza, M. Sevior, D. Sillou, F. J.P. Soler, G. Sozzi, D. Steele, U. Stiegler, M. Stipčević, Th Stolarczyk, M. Tareb-Reyes, G. N. Taylor, V. Tereshchenko, A. Toropin, A. M. Touchard, S. N. Tovey, M. T. Tran, E. Tsesmelis, J. Ulrichs, L. Vacavant, M. Valdata-Nappi, V. Valuev, F. Vannucci, K. E. Varvell, M. Veltri, V. Vercesi, G. Vidal-Sitjes, J. M. Vieira, T. Vinogradova, F. V. Weber, T. Weisse, F. F. Wilson, L. J. Winton, Q. Wu, B. D. Yabsley, H. Zaccone, K. Zuber, P. Zuccon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a study of exclusive neutral pion production in neutrino-nucleus Neutral Current interactions using data from the NOMAD experiment at the CERN SPS. The data correspond to 1.44 × 106 muon-neutrino Charged Current interactions in the energy range 2.5 ≤ Eν ≤ 300 GeV. Neutrino events with only one visible π0 in the final state are expected to result from two Neutral Current processes: coherent π0 production, ν + A → ν + A + π0 and single π0 production in neutrino-nucleon scattering. The signature of coherent π0 production is an emergent π0 almost collinear with the incident neutrino while π0's produced in neutrino-nucleon deep inelastic scattering have larger transverse momenta. In this analysis all relevant backgrounds to the coherent π0 production signal are measured using data themselves. Having determined the backgrounds, and using the Rein-Sehgal model for the coherent π0 production to compute the detection efficiency, we obtain 4630 ± 522 (stat) ± 426 (syst) corrected coherent-π0 events with Eπ0 ≥ 0.5 GeV. We measure σ (ν A → ν A π0) = [72.6 ± 8.1 (stat) ± 6.9 (syst)] × 10- 40   cm2 / nucleus. This is the most precise measurement of the coherent π0 production to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume682
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2009

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Coherent pion neutrino neutral current

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Kullenberg, C. T., Mishra, S. R., Seaton, M. B., Kim, J. J., Tian, X. C., Scott, A. M., Kirsanov, M., Petti, R., Alekhin, S., Astier, P., Autiero, D., Baldisseri, A., Baldo-Ceolin, M., Banner, M., Bassompierre, G., Benslama, K., Besson, N., Bird, I., Blumenfeld, B., ... Zuccon, P. (2009). A measurement of coherent neutral pion production in neutrino neutral current interactions in the NOMAD experiment. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 682(2), 177-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2009.10.083