A model system for the study of the release of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone from isolated storage granules

G. H. Burrows, J. C. Porter, A. Barnea

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Abstract

We have developed an in vitro system for the study of the release of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) from its storage granules. In this system, homogenates of hypothalamic tissue are subjected to hypoosmotic shock, and the LH-RH-containing granules are isolated by means of differential centrifugation. The isolated granules are then incubated in a buffered medium and the incubation is terminated by passing the incubation mixture through LH-RH affinity columns. The LH-RH associated with the granules passes freely through the columns, whereas the LH-RH released into the medium binds to the columns and is subsequently eluted with an acid solution. LH-RH is quantified by radioimmunoassay (RIA). We tested the effects of various concentrations of KCl on LH-RH release, which was found to be dependent on the concentration of KCl in the medium over the range 40-160 mM. We then studied the effects of pH on the release of LH-RH. Incubation of granules at pH 7.8 in the presence of 160 mM-KCl resulted in the release from the granules of 14% of the stored LH-RH, whereas incubation at pH 6.2 resulted in the release of approximately 30% of the LH-RH. In addition, granules were incubated at pH 7.8 with MgATP and KCl. MgATP elicited a marked release of LH-RH that was approximately twice that seen in the absence of MgATP. In summary, in this in vitro system, granules containing LH-RH are stable under defined biochemical conditions, and LH-RH release from these granules is stimulated by ions and MgATP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-758
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume36
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1981

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Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Adenosine Triphosphate
Centrifugation
Radioimmunoassay
Shock
Ions
Tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

A model system for the study of the release of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone from isolated storage granules. / Burrows, G. H.; Porter, J. C.; Barnea, A.

In: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 36, No. 2, 1981, p. 753-758.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - We have developed an in vitro system for the study of the release of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) from its storage granules. In this system, homogenates of hypothalamic tissue are subjected to hypoosmotic shock, and the LH-RH-containing granules are isolated by means of differential centrifugation. The isolated granules are then incubated in a buffered medium and the incubation is terminated by passing the incubation mixture through LH-RH affinity columns. The LH-RH associated with the granules passes freely through the columns, whereas the LH-RH released into the medium binds to the columns and is subsequently eluted with an acid solution. LH-RH is quantified by radioimmunoassay (RIA). We tested the effects of various concentrations of KCl on LH-RH release, which was found to be dependent on the concentration of KCl in the medium over the range 40-160 mM. We then studied the effects of pH on the release of LH-RH. Incubation of granules at pH 7.8 in the presence of 160 mM-KCl resulted in the release from the granules of 14% of the stored LH-RH, whereas incubation at pH 6.2 resulted in the release of approximately 30% of the LH-RH. In addition, granules were incubated at pH 7.8 with MgATP and KCl. MgATP elicited a marked release of LH-RH that was approximately twice that seen in the absence of MgATP. In summary, in this in vitro system, granules containing LH-RH are stable under defined biochemical conditions, and LH-RH release from these granules is stimulated by ions and MgATP.

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