A Model System for the Study of the Release of Luteinizing Hormone‐Releasing Hormone from Isolated Storage Granules

G. H. Burrows, J. C. Porter, A. Barnea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: We have developed an in vitro system for the study of the release of luteinizing hormone‐releasing hormone (LH‐RH) from its storage granules. In this system, homogenates of hypothalamic tissue are subjected to hypoosmotic shock, and the LH‐RH‐containing granules are isolated by means of differential centrifugation. The isolated granules are then incubated in a buffered medium, and the incubation is terminated by passing the incubation mixture through LH‐RH affinity columns. The LH‐RH associated with the granules passes freely through the columns, whereas the LH‐RH released into the medium binds to the columns and is subsequently eluted with an acid solution. LH‐RH is quantified by radioimmunoassay (RIA). We tested the effects of various concentrations of KCl on LH‐RH release, which was found to be dependent on the concentration of KCl in the medium over the range 40–160 mM. We then studied the effects of pH on the release of LH‐RH. Incubation of granules at pH 7.8 in the presence of 160 mM‐KC1 resulted in the release from the granules of 14% of the stored LH‐RH, whereas incubation at pH 6.2 resulted in the release of approximately 30% of the LH‐RH. In addition, granules were incubated at pH 7.8 with MgATP and KCl. MgATP elicited a marked release of LH‐RH that was approximately twice that seen in the absence of MgATP. In summary, in this in vitro system, granules containing LH‐RH are stable under defined biochemical conditions, and LH‐RH release from these granules is stimulated by ions and MgATP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-758
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1981

Keywords

  • Affinity chromatography
  • Luteinizing hormone‐releasing hormone
  • Mechanism of release
  • Model system
  • Neuroendocrine
  • Storage granules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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