A Mouse Model of Retinal Recovery From Photo-Oxidative/Photo-Inflammatory Injury

Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin Are Not Essential to Recovery

Bo Chen, Bogale Aredo, Yuanfei Zhu, Yi Ding, Cynthia Xin-Zhao, Rafael Ufret-Vincenty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To determine if there is structural and functional recovery of the retina from light induced retinal degeneration, and to evaluate the role of the oxidative stress response elements Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin in such a recovery process. Methods: Eyes from C57BL/6J (B6J) mice and from oxidative stress response-deficient strains of mice were treated with intense light using the fundus camera-delivered light-induced retinal degeneration (FCD-LIRD) model. Fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, and electroretinography (ERG) responses were obtained before the injury, during the "maximal injury phase" (days 4-7) and during the "recovery phase" (days 14-16) post light exposure and were evaluated for retinal damage and assessed for evidence of recovery from the injury. Results: We demonstrate that mice treated with a sub-lethal FCD-LIRD protocol show an initial acute retina injury phase peaking between days 4 to 7 followed by a recovery phase in which the outer retinal thickness/volume and retinal function partially recover. These observations are reproduced in B6J mice and in mice lacking oxidative stress response enzymes (SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin) or the oxidative stress response master regulator Nrf2. Conclusions: Our data indicate that retinal recovery from injury can proceed via pathways that are independent from the common oxidative stress response elements Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin. Furthermore, the model of retinal recovery from injury that we describe here mimics changes seen in a variety of clinical entities and may provide an excellent platform for dissecting general pathways of retinal recovery from sub-lethal injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1165-1174
Number of pages10
JournalInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

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Oxidative Stress
Wounds and Injuries
Retinal Degeneration
Light
Response Elements
Retina
Electroretinography
Optical Coherence Tomography
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "A Mouse Model of Retinal Recovery From Photo-Oxidative/Photo-Inflammatory Injury: Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin Are Not Essential to Recovery",
abstract = "Purpose: To determine if there is structural and functional recovery of the retina from light induced retinal degeneration, and to evaluate the role of the oxidative stress response elements Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin in such a recovery process. Methods: Eyes from C57BL/6J (B6J) mice and from oxidative stress response-deficient strains of mice were treated with intense light using the fundus camera-delivered light-induced retinal degeneration (FCD-LIRD) model. Fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, and electroretinography (ERG) responses were obtained before the injury, during the {"}maximal injury phase{"} (days 4-7) and during the {"}recovery phase{"} (days 14-16) post light exposure and were evaluated for retinal damage and assessed for evidence of recovery from the injury. Results: We demonstrate that mice treated with a sub-lethal FCD-LIRD protocol show an initial acute retina injury phase peaking between days 4 to 7 followed by a recovery phase in which the outer retinal thickness/volume and retinal function partially recover. These observations are reproduced in B6J mice and in mice lacking oxidative stress response enzymes (SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin) or the oxidative stress response master regulator Nrf2. Conclusions: Our data indicate that retinal recovery from injury can proceed via pathways that are independent from the common oxidative stress response elements Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin. Furthermore, the model of retinal recovery from injury that we describe here mimics changes seen in a variety of clinical entities and may provide an excellent platform for dissecting general pathways of retinal recovery from sub-lethal injury.",
author = "Bo Chen and Bogale Aredo and Yuanfei Zhu and Yi Ding and Cynthia Xin-Zhao and Rafael Ufret-Vincenty",
year = "2019",
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T1 - A Mouse Model of Retinal Recovery From Photo-Oxidative/Photo-Inflammatory Injury

T2 - Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin Are Not Essential to Recovery

AU - Chen, Bo

AU - Aredo, Bogale

AU - Zhu, Yuanfei

AU - Ding, Yi

AU - Xin-Zhao, Cynthia

AU - Ufret-Vincenty, Rafael

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Purpose: To determine if there is structural and functional recovery of the retina from light induced retinal degeneration, and to evaluate the role of the oxidative stress response elements Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin in such a recovery process. Methods: Eyes from C57BL/6J (B6J) mice and from oxidative stress response-deficient strains of mice were treated with intense light using the fundus camera-delivered light-induced retinal degeneration (FCD-LIRD) model. Fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, and electroretinography (ERG) responses were obtained before the injury, during the "maximal injury phase" (days 4-7) and during the "recovery phase" (days 14-16) post light exposure and were evaluated for retinal damage and assessed for evidence of recovery from the injury. Results: We demonstrate that mice treated with a sub-lethal FCD-LIRD protocol show an initial acute retina injury phase peaking between days 4 to 7 followed by a recovery phase in which the outer retinal thickness/volume and retinal function partially recover. These observations are reproduced in B6J mice and in mice lacking oxidative stress response enzymes (SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin) or the oxidative stress response master regulator Nrf2. Conclusions: Our data indicate that retinal recovery from injury can proceed via pathways that are independent from the common oxidative stress response elements Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin. Furthermore, the model of retinal recovery from injury that we describe here mimics changes seen in a variety of clinical entities and may provide an excellent platform for dissecting general pathways of retinal recovery from sub-lethal injury.

AB - Purpose: To determine if there is structural and functional recovery of the retina from light induced retinal degeneration, and to evaluate the role of the oxidative stress response elements Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin in such a recovery process. Methods: Eyes from C57BL/6J (B6J) mice and from oxidative stress response-deficient strains of mice were treated with intense light using the fundus camera-delivered light-induced retinal degeneration (FCD-LIRD) model. Fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, and electroretinography (ERG) responses were obtained before the injury, during the "maximal injury phase" (days 4-7) and during the "recovery phase" (days 14-16) post light exposure and were evaluated for retinal damage and assessed for evidence of recovery from the injury. Results: We demonstrate that mice treated with a sub-lethal FCD-LIRD protocol show an initial acute retina injury phase peaking between days 4 to 7 followed by a recovery phase in which the outer retinal thickness/volume and retinal function partially recover. These observations are reproduced in B6J mice and in mice lacking oxidative stress response enzymes (SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin) or the oxidative stress response master regulator Nrf2. Conclusions: Our data indicate that retinal recovery from injury can proceed via pathways that are independent from the common oxidative stress response elements Nrf2, SOD1, DJ-1, and Parkin. Furthermore, the model of retinal recovery from injury that we describe here mimics changes seen in a variety of clinical entities and may provide an excellent platform for dissecting general pathways of retinal recovery from sub-lethal injury.

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