The common CT imaging signs of lung diseases (CISLs) which frequently appear in lung CT images are widely used in the diagnosis of lung diseases. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) based on the CISLs can improve radiologists’ performance in the diagnosis of lung diseases. Since similarity measure is important for CAD, we propose a multi-level method to measure the similarity between the CISLs. The CISLs are characterized in the low-level visual scale, mid-level attribute scale, and high-level semantic scale, for a rich representation. The similarity at multiple levels is calculated and combined in a weighted sum form as the final similarity. The proposed multi-level similarity method is capable of computing the level-specific similarity and optimal cross-level complementary similarity. The effectiveness of the proposed similarity measure method is evaluated on a dataset of 511 lung CT images from clinical patients for CISLs retrieval. It can achieve about 80% precision and take only 3.6 ms for the retrieval process. The extensive comparative evaluations on the same datasets are conducted to validate the advantages on retrieval performance of our multi-level similarity measure over the single-level measure and the two-level similarity methods. The proposed method can have wide applications in radiology and decision support. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
- Common CT imaging signs of lung diseases (CISL)
- Lung CT image
- Medical image retrieval
- Similarity measure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications