A mutation in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene (RAD3) required for nucleotide excision repair and transcription increases the efficiency of mismatch correction

Yingying Yang, Anthony L. Johnson, Leland H. Johnston, Wolfram Siede, Errol C. Friedberg, Karthikeyan Ramachandran, Bernard A. Kunz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

RAD3 functions in DNA repair and transcription in Saccharomyces and particular rad3 alleles confer a mutator phenotype, possibly as a consequences of defective mismatch correction. We assessed the potential involvement of the Rad3 protein in mismatch correction by comparing heteroduplex repair in isogenic rad3-1 and wild-type strains. The rad3-1 allele increased the spontaneous mutation rate but did not prevent heteroduplex repair or bias its directionality. Instead, the efficiency of mismatch correction was enhanced in the rad3-1 strain. This surprising result prompted us to examine expression of yeast mismatch repair genes. We determined that MSH2, but not MLH1, is transcriptionally regulated during the cell-cycle like PMS1, and that rad3-1 does not increase the transcript levels for these genes in log phase cells. These observations suggest that the rad3- 1 mutation gives rise to an enhanced efficiency of mismatch correction via a process that does not involved transcriptional regulation of mismatch repair. Interestingly, mismatch repair also was more efficient when error-editing by yeast DNA polymerase δ was eliminated. We discuss our results in relation to possible mechanisms that may link the rad3-1 mutation to mismatch correction efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalGenetics
Volume144
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 9 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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