We describe a new congenital disorder of glycosylation, CDG-If. The patient has severe psychomotor retardation, seizures, failure to thrive, dry skin and scaling with erythroderma, and impaired vision. CDG-If is caused by a defect in the gene MPDU1, the human homologue of hamster Lec35, and is the first disorder to affect the use, rather than the biosynthesis, of donor substrates for lipid-linked oligosaccharides. This leads to the synthesis of incomplete and poorly transferred precursor oligosaccharides lacking both mannose and glucose residues. The patient has a homozygous point mutation (221T→C, L74S) in a semiconserved amino acid of MPDU1. Chinese hamster ovary Lec35 cells lack a functional Lec35 gene and synthesize truncated lipid-linked oligosaccharides similar to the patient's. They lack glucose and mannose residues donated by Glc-P-Dol and Man-P-Dol. Transfection with the normal human MPDU1 allele nearly completely restores normal glycosylation, whereas transfection with the patient's MPDU1 allele only weakly restores normal glycosylation. This work provides a new clinical picture for another CDG that may involve synthesis of multiple types of glycoconjugates.
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