A new species of Oeneis from Alaska, United States, with notes on the Oeneis chryxus complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae)

Andrew D. Warren, Shinichi Nakahara, Vladimir A. Lukhtanov, Kathryn M. Daly, Clifford D. Ferris, Nick V. Grishin, Martin Cesanek, Jonathan P. Pelham

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oeneis tanana A. Warren & Nakahara is described from the Tanana River Basin in southeastern Alaska, USA. This new taxon belongs to the bore group of Oeneis Hübner, [1819] and is apparently closest to O. chryxus (E. Doubleday, [1849]) by morphology, including its larger size and similarity of the female genitalia. In wing patterns and COI mitochondrial DNA barcode sequences, it is reminiscent of O. bore (Esper, 1789). A review of O. chryxus subspecies suggest that some may be better treated as species-level taxa. Evolutionary scenarios within the chryxus complex of taxa are discussed. While we hypothesize that O. tanana is best considered a species-level taxon, we have not identified any single character that unambiguously separates it from O. chryxus. Further study is needed to elucidate the species- or subspecies-level status of O. tanana, and to determine if it may have evolved through hybridization between O. chryxus and O. bore.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Research on the Lepidoptera
Volume49
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Keywords

  • Beringia
  • Butterflies
  • Cryptic species
  • Hybrid species
  • Nearctic
  • Speciation
  • Taxonomy
  • Yukon territory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

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