A novel H395R mutation in MKKS/BBS6 causes retinitis pigmentosa and polydactyly without other findings of bardet-biedl or McKusick-Kaufman syndrome

John D Hulleman, Annie Nguyen, V. L. Ramprasad, Sakthivel Murugan, Ravi Gupta, Avinash Mahindrakar, Ravi Angara, Chandrasekhar Sankurathri, Venkateswara Mootha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To identify the causative mutation in two siblings from a consanguineous family in India with retinitis pig­mentosa (RP) and polydactyly without other findings of Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS). We also performed functional characterization of the mutant protein to explore its role in this limited form of BBS. Methods: The siblings underwent a thorough ophthalmological examination, including retinal optical coherence tomog­raphy (OCT) imaging, and an extensive physical examination with abdominal ultrasonography to characterize the disease phenotype. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) using a panel targeting retinal degeneration genes was performed on genomic DNA samples from the siblings and parents. Upon identification of the causative mutation, functional charac­terization was accomplished by performing protein–protein interaction studies in human embryonic kidney (HEK-293T) and human adult retinal pigmented epithelium (ARPE-19) cells. Results: The two siblings showed signs of RP and polydactyly. The patients did not have truncal obesity, renal anoma­lies, hydrometrocolpos, congenital heart disease, or overt cognitive defects. NGS identified a homozygous c.1184A>G mutation in the MKKS/BBS6 gene in both patients resulting in a p.H395R substitution in the MKKS/BBS6 protein. This mutant protein decreased the interaction of MKKS/BBS6 with BBS12 but did so to a different extent in the HEK-293T versus ARPE-19 cells. Nonetheless, the effect of the H395R variant on disrupting interactions with BBS12 was not as profound as other reported MKKS/BBS6 mutations associated with syndromic RP. Conclusions: We identified a novel H395R substitution in MKKS/BBS6 that results in a unique phenotype of only RP and polydactyly. Our observations reaffirm the notion that mutations in MKKS/BBS6 cause phenotypic heterogeneity and do not always result in classic MKKS or BBS findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Vision
Volume22
StatePublished - Jan 24 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A novel H395R mutation in MKKS/BBS6 causes retinitis pigmentosa and polydactyly without other findings of bardet-biedl or McKusick-Kaufman syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this