In bacteria, OxyR is a peroxide sensor and transcription regulator, which can sense the presence of reactive oxygen species and induce antioxidant system. When the cells are exposed to H2O2. OxyR protein is activated via the formation of a disulfide bond between the two conserved cysteine residues (C199 and C208). In Denococcus radiodurans, a previously unreported special characteristic of DrOyR (DR0615) is found with only one conserved cysteine. dr0615 gene mutant is hypersensitive to H2O2, but only a little to ionizing radiation. Site-directed mutagenesis and subsequent in vivo functional binding characteristics of OxyR on DNA. Under oxidant stress, DrOxyR is oxidized to sulfenic acid form, which can be reduced by reducing reagents. In addition, quantitative real-time PCR and global transcription profile results showed that OxyR is not only a transcriptional activator (e.g., kate drb0125), but also a transcriptional repressor (e.g., dps. mntH). Because OxyR regulates Mn and Fe ion transporter genes, Mn/Fe Ion ratio is changed in dr0615 mutant, suggesting that the genes involved in Mn/Fe ion homeostatis, and the genes involved in antioxidant mechanism are highly cooperative under extremely oxidant stress. In conclusion, these findings expand the OxyR family, which could be divided into classes: typical 2-Cys OxyR and 1-Cys OxyR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)