A phase II study of paclitaxel + etoposide + cisplatin + concurrent radiation therapy for previously untreated limited stage small cell lung cancer (E2596); A trial of the eastern cooperative oncology group

Leora Horn, Patricia Bernardo, Alan Sandler, Henry Wagner, Nathan Levitan, Mark L. Levitt, David H. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: To determine the 1-year survival, response rate, and toxicity for patients with limited stage small cell lung cancer treated with the combination of cisplatin plus etoposide plus paclitaxel with delayed concurrent (starting with cycle 3) high dose thoracic radiotherapy. Patients and Methods: Patients with previously untreated limited stage small cell lung cancer, Easter Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2 and adequate organ function were eligible. Cycles 1 and 2 of chemotherapy consisted of paclitaxel 170 mg/m2 intravenous day 1, etoposide 80 mg/m2 intravenous days 1 to 3, and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 intravenous day 1 followed by filgrastim 5 μg/kg subcutaneously days 4 to 13. Cycles 3 and 4 of chemotherapy consisted of a reduced dose of paclitaxel 135 mg/m2 intravenous day 1, and the same dose of etoposide and cisplatin with concurrent thoracic radiation therapy 1.8 Gy in 35 fractions (total 63 Gy) administered over 7 weeks. Results: Sixty-three patients were entered, 61 patients were eligible. The most common grade 4 toxicity seen was granulocytopenia (62%). Nonhematologic toxicities included febrile neutropenia in 19% of patients, grade 3 and 4 esophagitis in 32% of patients, and grade 3 peripheral neuropathy in 14% of patients. Two patients suffered lethal toxicities. The overall response rate was 79%. The 1-year survival rate was 64%. The median overall survival was 15.7 months, and the median progression-free survival was 8.6 months. Conclusions: The combination of cisplatin plus etoposide plus paclitaxel chemotherapy and concurrent delayed thoracic radiotherapy as administered in this trial provide no apparent advantage with respect to response, local control, or survival compared with historical controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-533
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

Keywords

  • Paclitaxel and etoposidecisplatin
  • Radiotherapy
  • Small cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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