A pilot study of an electronic, adolescent version of the quick inventory of depressive symptomatology

Heidi K. Moore, Carroll W. Hughes, James C. Mundt, A. John Rush, Laurie Macleod, Graham J. Emslie, Shailesh Jain, Dayna S. Geralts, Ira H. Bernstein, Joseph P. Horrigan, Madhukar H. Trivedi, John H. Greist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Adolescent depression assessments are time-intensive, often requiring separate interviews with an adolescent and a parent/informant. In adults, a self-rated, interactive voice response (IVR) version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-IVR) has been shown to be reliable, valid, and sensitive to change. An adolescent version of the QIDS (QIDS-A-IVR) was created using speaker-independent voice recognition technology. An informant version, QIDS-P-IVR, collects ratings from parents or other knowledgeable adults. Method: The study included 27 adolescents ranging from 12 to 17 years of age, 48% of whom were female. During a single office visit, adolescents completed the QIDS-A-IVR and parents completed the QIDS-P-IVR. A clinician completed the clinician-rated adult version of the QIDS separately for adolescents (QIDS-C-A) and parents (QIDS-C-P) and the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R). The study was conducted from October 2005 to April 2006. Results: Cronbach α of the QIDS-A-IVR was .85. The QIDS-A-IVR correlated significantly with the QIDS-C-A (r = 0.95) and the CDRS-R (r = 0.76), both p < .01. Conversely, the correlations of the QIDS-A-IVR with the QIDS-P-IVR and the QIDS-C-P were small and nonsignificant. The QIDS-A-IVR required adolescents a mean of 6 minutes and 31 seconds to complete (SD = 41 seconds). The voice recognition technology correctly identified the adolescents' spoken words in 92% of the 483 spoken responses. The system recognized a response from all adolescents on all items. Conclusions: This study supports the reliability and validity of the QIDS-A-IVR as an adolescent depression measure. The QIDS-A-IVR may provide clinicians and researchers with a sound, technology-based method of assessing adolescent depression. Future research is needed on the informational value of parent ratings of adolescent depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1436-1440
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychiatry
Volume68
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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Moore, H. K., Hughes, C. W., Mundt, J. C., Rush, A. J., Macleod, L., Emslie, G. J., ... Greist, J. H. (2007). A pilot study of an electronic, adolescent version of the quick inventory of depressive symptomatology. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 68(9), 1436-1440.

A pilot study of an electronic, adolescent version of the quick inventory of depressive symptomatology. / Moore, Heidi K.; Hughes, Carroll W.; Mundt, James C.; Rush, A. John; Macleod, Laurie; Emslie, Graham J.; Jain, Shailesh; Geralts, Dayna S.; Bernstein, Ira H.; Horrigan, Joseph P.; Trivedi, Madhukar H.; Greist, John H.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Vol. 68, No. 9, 09.2007, p. 1436-1440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moore, HK, Hughes, CW, Mundt, JC, Rush, AJ, Macleod, L, Emslie, GJ, Jain, S, Geralts, DS, Bernstein, IH, Horrigan, JP, Trivedi, MH & Greist, JH 2007, 'A pilot study of an electronic, adolescent version of the quick inventory of depressive symptomatology', Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 68, no. 9, pp. 1436-1440.
Moore, Heidi K. ; Hughes, Carroll W. ; Mundt, James C. ; Rush, A. John ; Macleod, Laurie ; Emslie, Graham J. ; Jain, Shailesh ; Geralts, Dayna S. ; Bernstein, Ira H. ; Horrigan, Joseph P. ; Trivedi, Madhukar H. ; Greist, John H. / A pilot study of an electronic, adolescent version of the quick inventory of depressive symptomatology. In: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2007 ; Vol. 68, No. 9. pp. 1436-1440.
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abstract = "Background: Adolescent depression assessments are time-intensive, often requiring separate interviews with an adolescent and a parent/informant. In adults, a self-rated, interactive voice response (IVR) version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-IVR) has been shown to be reliable, valid, and sensitive to change. An adolescent version of the QIDS (QIDS-A-IVR) was created using speaker-independent voice recognition technology. An informant version, QIDS-P-IVR, collects ratings from parents or other knowledgeable adults. Method: The study included 27 adolescents ranging from 12 to 17 years of age, 48{\%} of whom were female. During a single office visit, adolescents completed the QIDS-A-IVR and parents completed the QIDS-P-IVR. A clinician completed the clinician-rated adult version of the QIDS separately for adolescents (QIDS-C-A) and parents (QIDS-C-P) and the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R). The study was conducted from October 2005 to April 2006. Results: Cronbach α of the QIDS-A-IVR was .85. The QIDS-A-IVR correlated significantly with the QIDS-C-A (r = 0.95) and the CDRS-R (r = 0.76), both p < .01. Conversely, the correlations of the QIDS-A-IVR with the QIDS-P-IVR and the QIDS-C-P were small and nonsignificant. The QIDS-A-IVR required adolescents a mean of 6 minutes and 31 seconds to complete (SD = 41 seconds). The voice recognition technology correctly identified the adolescents' spoken words in 92{\%} of the 483 spoken responses. The system recognized a response from all adolescents on all items. Conclusions: This study supports the reliability and validity of the QIDS-A-IVR as an adolescent depression measure. The QIDS-A-IVR may provide clinicians and researchers with a sound, technology-based method of assessing adolescent depression. Future research is needed on the informational value of parent ratings of adolescent depression.",
author = "Moore, {Heidi K.} and Hughes, {Carroll W.} and Mundt, {James C.} and Rush, {A. John} and Laurie Macleod and Emslie, {Graham J.} and Shailesh Jain and Geralts, {Dayna S.} and Bernstein, {Ira H.} and Horrigan, {Joseph P.} and Trivedi, {Madhukar H.} and Greist, {John H.}",
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AU - Hughes, Carroll W.

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AU - Rush, A. John

AU - Macleod, Laurie

AU - Emslie, Graham J.

AU - Jain, Shailesh

AU - Geralts, Dayna S.

AU - Bernstein, Ira H.

AU - Horrigan, Joseph P.

AU - Trivedi, Madhukar H.

AU - Greist, John H.

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N2 - Background: Adolescent depression assessments are time-intensive, often requiring separate interviews with an adolescent and a parent/informant. In adults, a self-rated, interactive voice response (IVR) version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-IVR) has been shown to be reliable, valid, and sensitive to change. An adolescent version of the QIDS (QIDS-A-IVR) was created using speaker-independent voice recognition technology. An informant version, QIDS-P-IVR, collects ratings from parents or other knowledgeable adults. Method: The study included 27 adolescents ranging from 12 to 17 years of age, 48% of whom were female. During a single office visit, adolescents completed the QIDS-A-IVR and parents completed the QIDS-P-IVR. A clinician completed the clinician-rated adult version of the QIDS separately for adolescents (QIDS-C-A) and parents (QIDS-C-P) and the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R). The study was conducted from October 2005 to April 2006. Results: Cronbach α of the QIDS-A-IVR was .85. The QIDS-A-IVR correlated significantly with the QIDS-C-A (r = 0.95) and the CDRS-R (r = 0.76), both p < .01. Conversely, the correlations of the QIDS-A-IVR with the QIDS-P-IVR and the QIDS-C-P were small and nonsignificant. The QIDS-A-IVR required adolescents a mean of 6 minutes and 31 seconds to complete (SD = 41 seconds). The voice recognition technology correctly identified the adolescents' spoken words in 92% of the 483 spoken responses. The system recognized a response from all adolescents on all items. Conclusions: This study supports the reliability and validity of the QIDS-A-IVR as an adolescent depression measure. The QIDS-A-IVR may provide clinicians and researchers with a sound, technology-based method of assessing adolescent depression. Future research is needed on the informational value of parent ratings of adolescent depression.

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