A polygenic burden of rare variants across extracellular matrix genes among individuals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Gabe Haller, David Alvarado, Kevin Mccall, Ping Yang, Carlos Cruchaga, Matthew Harms, Alison Goate, Marcia Willing, Jose A. Morcuende, Erin Baschal, Nancy H. Miller, Carol Wise, Matthew B. Dobbs, Christina A. Gurnett

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a complex inherited spinal deformity whose etiology has been elusive. While common genetic variants are associated with AIS, they explain only a small portion of disease risk. To explore the role of rare variants in AIS susceptibility, exome sequence data of 391 severe AIS cases and 843 controls of European ancestry were analyzed using a pathway burden analysis in which variants are first collapsed at the gene level then by Gene Ontology terms. Novel nonsynonymous/splice-site variants in extracellular matrix genes were significantly enriched in AIS cases compared with controls (P= 6×10-9, OR = 1.7, CI = 1.4-2.0). Specifically, novel variants in musculoskeletal collagen geneswere present in 32% (126/391) of AIS cases compared with 17% (146/843) of in-house controls and 18% (780/4300) of EVS controls (P= 1×10-9, OR = 1.9, CI = 1.6-2.4). Targeted resequencing of six collagen genes replicated this association in combined 919 AIS cases (P = 3 × 10-12, OR = 2.2, CI = 1.8-2.7) and revealed a highly significant single-gene association with COL11A2 (P =6× 10-9, OR = 3.8, CI = 2.6-7.2). Importantly, AIS cases harbor mainly non-glycine missense mutations and lack the clinical features of monogenic musculoskeletal collagenopathies. Overall, our study reveals a complex genetic architecture of AIS in which a polygenic burden of rare variants across extracellular matrix genes contributes strongly to risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-209
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Molecular Biology

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