A randomized controlled trial comparing traditional training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to self-directed CPR learning in first year medical students: The two-person CPR study

Lynn P. Roppolo, Rahm Heymann, Paul Pepe, James Wagner, Bradford Commons, Ronna Miller, Emilie Allen, Leyla Horne, Michael P. Wainscott, Ahamed H. Idris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Aim: The primary purpose of this study was to compare two, shorter, self-directed methods of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education for healthcare professionals (HCP) to traditional training with a focus on the trainee's ability to perform two-person CPR. Methods: First-year medical students with either no prior CPR for HCP experience or prior training greater than 5 years were randomized to complete one of three courses: 1) HeartCode BLS System, 2) BLS Anytime, or 3) Traditional training. Only data from the adult CPR skills testing station was reviewed via video recording by certified CPR instructors and the Laerdal PC Skill Reporter software program (Laerdal Medical, Stavanger, Norway). Results: There were 180 first-year medical students who met inclusion criteria: 68 were HeartCode BLS System, 53 BLS Anytime group, and 59 traditional group Regarding two-person CPR, 57 (84%) of Heartcode BLS students and 43 (81%) of BLS Anytime students were able to initiate the switch compared to 39 (66%) of traditional course students (p = 0.04). There were no significant differences in the quality of chest compressions or ventilations between the three groups. There was a trend for a much higher CPR skills testing pass rate for the traditional course students. However, failure to "clear to analyze or shock" while using the AED was the most common reason for failure in all groups. Conclusion: The self-directed learning groups not only had a high level of success in initiating the "switch" to two-person CPR, but were not significantly different from students who completed traditional training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-325
Number of pages7
JournalResuscitation
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Keywords

  • CPR education
  • CPR training
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Healthcare professionals
  • Self-directed learning
  • Two-person CPR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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