A commercially available rapid test (HIVCHEK) was compared with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for identifying human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in the serum of newborn infants. Of 1309 cord blood samples tested, the HIVCHEK test detected all the true-positive samples detected by ELISA. Of the 35 samples with positive ELISA results, six had negative results on Western blot; only 1 of the 20 samples with positive HIVCHEK results had negative results on Western blot. Thus the HIVCHEK test can be used to facilitate the rapid identification of HIV-1 in the serum of newborn infants.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health