A regulatory cascade of the nuclear receptors FXR, SHP-1, and LRH-1 represses bile acid biosynthesis

Bryan Goodwin, Stacey A. Jones, Roger R. Price, Michael A. Watson, David D. McKee, Linda B. Moore, Cristin Galardi, Joan G. Wilson, Michael C. Lewis, Matthew E. Roth, Patrick R. Maloney, Timothy M. Willson, Steven A. Kliewer

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Bile acids repress the transcription of cytochrome P450 7A1 (CYP7A1), which catalyzes the rate-limiting step in bile acid biosynthesis. Although bile acids activate the farnesoid X receptor (FXR), the mechanism underlying bile acid-mediated repression of CYP7A1 remained unclear. We have used a potent, nonsteroidal FXR ligand to show that FXR induces expression of small heterodimer partner 1 (SHP-1), an atypical member of the nuclear receptor family that lacks a DNA-binding domain. SHP-1 represses expression of CYP7A1 by inhibiting the activity of liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH-1), an orphan nuclear receptor that is known to regulate CYP7A1 expression positively. This bile acid-activated regulatory cascade provides a molecular basis for the coordinate suppression of CYP7A1 and other genes involved in bile acid biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-526
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular cell
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Goodwin, B., Jones, S. A., Price, R. R., Watson, M. A., McKee, D. D., Moore, L. B., Galardi, C., Wilson, J. G., Lewis, M. C., Roth, M. E., Maloney, P. R., Willson, T. M., & Kliewer, S. A. (2000). A regulatory cascade of the nuclear receptors FXR, SHP-1, and LRH-1 represses bile acid biosynthesis. Molecular cell, 6(3), 517-526. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1097-2765(00)00051-4