An 11-year-old boy with epigastric abdominal pain and a 2 year-old girl with failure to thrive underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Endoscopic biopsies from the gastric antrum of both children revealed corkscrew-like spiral bacteria, consistent with the diagnosis of Helicobacter heilmannii infection. H. heilmannii is a rare finding in children and is thought to be present in approximately 0.3% of patients undergoing upper endoscopy. Clinical presentation, gross and histologic appearance, and treatment regimens are discussed. The clinical and histologic features of previously reported cases of H. heilmannii gastritis in children living in the United States are reviewed in table form.
- Helicobacter heilmannii
- Helicobacter pylori
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine