A revised strategy for cloning antibody gene fragments in bacteria

B. Posner, I. Lee, T. Itoh, J. Pyati, R. Graff, G. B. Thorton, R. La Polla b, S. J. Benkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability to clone and overexpress genes encoding mouse Fab (antigen-binding fragment) proteins in bacteria led to the development of a methodology which has the potential to replace traditional hybridoma technology [Huse et al., Science 246 (1989) 1275-1281]; however, several observations have suggested that clones with desirable chemical properties may be missed in immunoscreens of large combinatorial libraries due to low levels of functional Ab protein. To increase the efficiency of cloning and characterization of Ab gene fragments, we have reconsidered several features of the original cloning vehicles. These studies show that at the present time a unique expression system cannot adequately accommodate the requirements of plaque-lift immunoassays for clonal selection and biochemical assays for further characterization in vitro. A monocistronic arrangement of heavy- and light-chain-encoding genes using two lacP promoters produces sufficient amounts of functional Ab protein for clonal selection from phage λ libraries and minimizes interference with the lytic cycle of recombinant vectors. In liquid culture, a strong coliphage promoter and a relatively abundant RNA polymerase can be used to produce quantities of Ab protein sufficient for further characterization in vitro. A rapid purification protocol obviates the need for fusing heavy-chain protein to a decapeptide sequence, an affinity-tail sequence which slows the folding and assembly of the Ig heterodimer. These results have been used to formulate a new strategy for cloning and characterization of Ab gene fragments in bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
JournalGene
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 1993

Fingerprint

Immunoglobulin Fragments
Organism Cloning
Bacteria
Genes
Proteins
Clone Cells
Coliphages
Hybridomas
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases
Immunoassay
Bacteriophages
Tail
Carrier Proteins
Technology
Light
Antigens
In Vitro Techniques

Keywords

  • affinity-tail sequence
  • Artificial operon
  • coliphage T3 promoter
  • combinatorial library
  • monocistronic expression
  • plaque-lift assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Posner, B., Lee, I., Itoh, T., Pyati, J., Graff, R., Thorton, G. B., ... Benkovic, S. J. (1993). A revised strategy for cloning antibody gene fragments in bacteria. Gene, 128(1), 111-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1119(93)90161-U

A revised strategy for cloning antibody gene fragments in bacteria. / Posner, B.; Lee, I.; Itoh, T.; Pyati, J.; Graff, R.; Thorton, G. B.; La Polla b, R.; Benkovic, S. J.

In: Gene, Vol. 128, No. 1, 15.06.1993, p. 111-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Posner, B, Lee, I, Itoh, T, Pyati, J, Graff, R, Thorton, GB, La Polla b, R & Benkovic, SJ 1993, 'A revised strategy for cloning antibody gene fragments in bacteria', Gene, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 111-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1119(93)90161-U
Posner B, Lee I, Itoh T, Pyati J, Graff R, Thorton GB et al. A revised strategy for cloning antibody gene fragments in bacteria. Gene. 1993 Jun 15;128(1):111-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1119(93)90161-U
Posner, B. ; Lee, I. ; Itoh, T. ; Pyati, J. ; Graff, R. ; Thorton, G. B. ; La Polla b, R. ; Benkovic, S. J. / A revised strategy for cloning antibody gene fragments in bacteria. In: Gene. 1993 ; Vol. 128, No. 1. pp. 111-117.
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