A search for novel cancer/testis antigens in lung cancer identifies VCX/Y genes, expanding the repertoire of potential immunotherapeutic targets

Ayumu Taguchi, Allen D. Taylor, Jaime Rodriguez, Müge Çeliktaş, Hui Liu, Xiaotu Ma, Qing Zhang, Chee Hong Wong, Alice Chin, Luc Girard, Carmen Behrens, Wan L. Lam, Stephen Lam, John D. Minna, Ignacio I. Wistuba, Adi F. Gazdar, Samir M. Hanash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancer/testis (CT) antigens are potential immunotherapeutic targets in cancer. However, the expression of particular antigens is limited to a subset of tumors of a given type. Thus, there is a need to identify antigens with complementary expression patterns for effective therapeutic intervention. In this study, we searched for genes that were distinctly expressed at a higher level in lung tumor tissue and the testes compared with other nontumor tissues and identified members of the VCX/Y gene family as novel CT antigens. VCX3A, a member of the VCX/Y gene family, was expressed at the protein level in approximately 20% of lung adenocarcinomas and 35% of squamous cell carcinomas, but not expressed in normal lung tissues. Among CT antigens with concordant mRNA and protein expression levels, four CT antigens, XAGE1, VCX, IL13RA2, and SYCE1, were expressed, alone or in combination, in about 80% of lung adenocarcinoma tumors. The CT antigen VCX/Y gene family broadens the spectrum of CT antigens expressed in lung adenocarcinomas for clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4694-4705
Number of pages12
JournalCancer research
Volume74
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Taguchi, A., Taylor, A. D., Rodriguez, J., Çeliktaş, M., Liu, H., Ma, X., Zhang, Q., Wong, C. H., Chin, A., Girard, L., Behrens, C., Lam, W. L., Lam, S., Minna, J. D., Wistuba, I. I., Gazdar, A. F., & Hanash, S. M. (2014). A search for novel cancer/testis antigens in lung cancer identifies VCX/Y genes, expanding the repertoire of potential immunotherapeutic targets. Cancer research, 74(17), 4694-4705. https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-3725