A secreted peptidase involved in T cell β-endorphin metabolism

B. C. Miller, Dwain L Thiele, L. B. Hersh, G. L. Cottam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

β-endorphin metabolism by CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and the thymoma cell line, EL4, was investigated. In all three cell types, extracellular β-endorphin was metabolized exclusively by a secreted, metal-dependent, thiol peptidase. The enzyme activity is expressed constitutively in EL4 cells and following activation of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells with anti-CD3 antibody. The enzyme is not one of the proteinases associated with cytolytic T cells and does not appear to be identical with any previously described β-endorphin metabolizing enzyme. The enzyme cleaves β-endorphin at approximately equal rates at either of two sites to yield β-endorphin1-17 (which is γ-endorphin), β-endorphin1-18, β-endorphin18-31 and β-endorphin19-31. Evidence in the literature indicates that these N- and C-terminal peptides which contain, respectively, the opioid and non-opioid receptor binding domains of β-endorphin, are biologically active. Thus, it is likely that this new T cell peptidase has important immunoregulatory activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-161
Number of pages11
JournalImmunopharmacology
Volume31
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1996

Keywords

  • T cell peptidase
  • β-Endorphin metabolism
  • γ-Endorphin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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