A simple technique for assessing the propensity for crystallization of calcium oxalate and brushite in urine from the increment in oxalate or calcium necessary to elicit precipitation

Michael J. Nicar, Kathy Hill, Charles Y C Pak

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In an effort to develop a simple and reliable method with which to assess the propensity for spontaneous nucleation of calcium oxalate and brushite in urine, the permissible increment of oxalate and calcium was calculated. This represented the additional amount of oxalate or calcium that could be added to urine in three hour before spontaneous precipitation of calcium oxalate or brushite was initiated. The permissible increment of oxalate inversely correlated (P < 0.001) with the formation-product ratio-activity-product ratio discriminant score of calcium oxalate, which was previously shown to reflect a quantitative measure of the likelihood for spontaneous nucleation. Similarly, the permissible increment of calcium inversely correlated (P < 0.001) with the formation-product ratio-activity-product ratio discriminant acore of brushite. The permissible increments in oxalate and calcium were significantly lower (P < 0.001) in patients with renal stones than in control subjects. Moreover, treatment with thiazides, allopurinol, sodium cellulose phosphate, orthophosphate, and diphosphonate significantly raised the permissible increment of oxalate in patients with stones. Thus, the permissible increment was reliable in discriminating "stone-forming" from control urine and in assessing response to treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-910
Number of pages5
JournalMetabolism
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

Fingerprint

Calcium Oxalate
Crystallization
Urine
Oxalates
Thiazides
Allopurinol
Diphosphonates
dibasic calcium phosphate dihydrate
Phosphates
Calcium
Kidney
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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abstract = "In an effort to develop a simple and reliable method with which to assess the propensity for spontaneous nucleation of calcium oxalate and brushite in urine, the permissible increment of oxalate and calcium was calculated. This represented the additional amount of oxalate or calcium that could be added to urine in three hour before spontaneous precipitation of calcium oxalate or brushite was initiated. The permissible increment of oxalate inversely correlated (P < 0.001) with the formation-product ratio-activity-product ratio discriminant score of calcium oxalate, which was previously shown to reflect a quantitative measure of the likelihood for spontaneous nucleation. Similarly, the permissible increment of calcium inversely correlated (P < 0.001) with the formation-product ratio-activity-product ratio discriminant acore of brushite. The permissible increments in oxalate and calcium were significantly lower (P < 0.001) in patients with renal stones than in control subjects. Moreover, treatment with thiazides, allopurinol, sodium cellulose phosphate, orthophosphate, and diphosphonate significantly raised the permissible increment of oxalate in patients with stones. Thus, the permissible increment was reliable in discriminating {"}stone-forming{"} from control urine and in assessing response to treatment.",
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N2 - In an effort to develop a simple and reliable method with which to assess the propensity for spontaneous nucleation of calcium oxalate and brushite in urine, the permissible increment of oxalate and calcium was calculated. This represented the additional amount of oxalate or calcium that could be added to urine in three hour before spontaneous precipitation of calcium oxalate or brushite was initiated. The permissible increment of oxalate inversely correlated (P < 0.001) with the formation-product ratio-activity-product ratio discriminant score of calcium oxalate, which was previously shown to reflect a quantitative measure of the likelihood for spontaneous nucleation. Similarly, the permissible increment of calcium inversely correlated (P < 0.001) with the formation-product ratio-activity-product ratio discriminant acore of brushite. The permissible increments in oxalate and calcium were significantly lower (P < 0.001) in patients with renal stones than in control subjects. Moreover, treatment with thiazides, allopurinol, sodium cellulose phosphate, orthophosphate, and diphosphonate significantly raised the permissible increment of oxalate in patients with stones. Thus, the permissible increment was reliable in discriminating "stone-forming" from control urine and in assessing response to treatment.

AB - In an effort to develop a simple and reliable method with which to assess the propensity for spontaneous nucleation of calcium oxalate and brushite in urine, the permissible increment of oxalate and calcium was calculated. This represented the additional amount of oxalate or calcium that could be added to urine in three hour before spontaneous precipitation of calcium oxalate or brushite was initiated. The permissible increment of oxalate inversely correlated (P < 0.001) with the formation-product ratio-activity-product ratio discriminant score of calcium oxalate, which was previously shown to reflect a quantitative measure of the likelihood for spontaneous nucleation. Similarly, the permissible increment of calcium inversely correlated (P < 0.001) with the formation-product ratio-activity-product ratio discriminant acore of brushite. The permissible increments in oxalate and calcium were significantly lower (P < 0.001) in patients with renal stones than in control subjects. Moreover, treatment with thiazides, allopurinol, sodium cellulose phosphate, orthophosphate, and diphosphonate significantly raised the permissible increment of oxalate in patients with stones. Thus, the permissible increment was reliable in discriminating "stone-forming" from control urine and in assessing response to treatment.

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