Guanylyl cyclase C is a sensitive and specific biomarker for metastatic colorectal cancer. A variant of the guanylyl cyclase C transcript was identified that possesses a 142-bp deletion at the 3' end of exon 1 reflecting alternative splicing of mRNA, introducing a shift in the open reading frame that prevents translation of a guanylyl cyclase C-related product. This variant was identified in human intestine and colon carcinomas, but not in extraintestinal tissues or tumors. These studies demonstrate that GCC and the splice variant contribute to the pool of GCC transcripts detected by RT-PCR in human tissues. They indicate that primers for RT-PCR that amplify regions downstream from the deletion are required to assess the full complement of GCC transcripts (GCC + GCC(var)) in human tissues and body fluids for staging and postoperative surveillance of patients with colorectal cancer.
- Alternate 5' splice acceptor sites
- Colorectal cancer
- Guanylyl cyclase C
- Receptor transcript splice variant
- Tumor marker
ASJC Scopus subject areas