A structural equation modeling approach to understanding pathways linking survivorship care plans to survivor-level outcomes

Jessica D. Austin, Marlyn Allicock, Folefac Atem, Simon Craddock Lee, Maria E. Fernandez, Bijal A. Balasubramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Several high-profile organizations have mandated the delivery of survivorship care plans (SCPs) despite mixed evidence regarding the effectiveness of SCPs on key survivor-level outcomes. There is a need to understand the types of survivor-level outcomes the SCPs are likely to change. Informed by existing frameworks and the literature, the objective of this study was to understand the pathways linking the receipt of a SCP to key survivor-level outcomes including patient-centered communication (PCC), health self-efficacy, changes in health behaviors, and improvements in overall health. Methods: We used structural equation modeling to test the direct and indirect pathways linking the receipt of an SCP to patient-centered communication (PCC), health self-efficacy, and latent measures of health behaviors and physical health in a nationally representative sample of breast and colorectal cancer survivors from the Health Information National Trends Survey. Results: The receipt of an SCP did not have a significant effect on key survivor-level outcomes and was removed from the final structural model. The final structural model fit the data adequately well (Chi-square p value = 0.03, RMSEA = 0.07, CFI =.88, and WRMR = 0.73). PCC had a significant direct effect on physical health but not on health behaviors. Health self-efficacy had a significant direct effect on physical health and health behaviors. Conclusion: The receipt of an SCP alone is unlikely to facilitate changes in PCC, health self-efficacy, health behaviors, or physical health. Implication for Cancer Survivors: A SCP is a single component of a larger model of survivorship care and should be accompanied by ongoing efforts that promote PCC, health self-efficacy, and changes in health behaviors resulting in improvements to physical health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-846
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer survivors
  • Patient care planning
  • Patient relevant outcome
  • Patient-provider communication
  • Structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)

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