Charcot neuroarthropathy can cause severe deformity of the midfoot, and intramedullary use of beams and bolts has been utilized as a method of definitive stabilization. This systematic review evaluated the outcomes of intramedullary beaming in patients with Charcot neuroarthropathy and determined the methodological quality of the studies. Four online databases were searched: PubMed, MEDLINE (Clarivate Analytics), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health) and Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics). To assess the methodological quality of the studies, the Coleman Methodology Score was used. The data was pooled into 2 outcomes groups for comparison: (1) Studies that reported on the outcomes of Charcot specific implants (study group). (2) Studies that reported on the outcomes using non-Charcot specific implants (control group). After screening, 16 studies were included. Compared to our control group, our study group had significantly higher rates of overall hardware complications, hardware migration, surgical site infection, reoperation, and nonunion. The study group had significantly lower rates of limb salvage compared to the control group. Our study and control groups did not differ in the rates of hardware breakage, wound healing complications, or mortality. The limb salvage rate was 92% and 97% of patients were still alive at a mean follow-up of 25 months. The mean Coleman Methodology Score indicated the quality of the studies was poor and consistent with methodologic limitations. The quality of published studies on intramedullary implants for Charcot reconstruction is low. Complications when utilizing intramedullary fixation for Charcot reconstruction are high, whether or not Charcot specific implants are used.
- medial column
- neuropathic arthritis
- neuropathic osteoarthropathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine