On the basis of laboratory experiments, we devised a wire-sheath system for MR-guided biopsy and drainage and then evaluated that system in 10 patients. The localizing system consisted of a 20-gauge plastic sheath into which a stainless-steel alloy wire had been inserted. In laboratory studies, we compared this wire-sheath assembly with other materials to determine its optimal visualization on MR images. We then used the same wire-sheath system to perform 16 procedures (in 10 patients), including six biopsies, five diagnostic fluid aspirations, and five catheter drainages of infected and noninfected fluid collections. The laboratory results showed that the wire-sheath assembly cast a 7-mm artifact, was visualized well on all pulse sequences, and was safe within the magnet (minimal attraction). The assembly was visualized well in each patient and provided adequate localization. MR-guided biopsy and drainage can be performed with high-resolution detail by using this wire-sheath system. Potential uses of this system include (1) treatment of lesions that can be seen on MR images only (or that can be seen to significantly better advantage on MR images than on sonograms or CT scans), and (2) treatment of patients in whom avoidance of the radiation delivered by CT is imperative.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging