Abnormal calcium "sparks" in cardiomyocytes of post-myocardial infarction heart

Kai Huang, Dan Huang, Shengquan Fu, Chongzhe Yang, Yuhua Liao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In ischemic hypertrophic myocardium, contractile dysfunction can be attributed to the decreased calcium induced calcium release (CICR) in cytoplasm. This study aimed to investigate the electrophysiological properties and the expression of L calcium channel subunits in post-MI myocardium. The ischemic heart remodeling model was established in SD rats. The expressions of calcium channel subunits were determined by realtime RT-PCR. Whole cell patch clamp was used to record the electrophysiological properties of L calcium channel. The results showed that the L calcium channel agonist Bayk 8644 induced the significantly decreased CICR in the rat cardiomyocyte 6 weeks after myocardial infarction (MI). In the post-MI cardiomyocytes, the amplitude of ICaL decreased dramatically and the inactivation curve of the current shifted to more negative potential. At mRNA level, the expression of the calcium channel alpha1c, beta2c subunits decreased dramatically in the ventricle of post-MI rats. The expression of alpha2/delta subunit, however, remained constant. It is concluded that the abnormal expression of the L calcium channel subunits in post-MI cardiomyocytes contributes to the ICaL decrease at early stage of the ischemic remodeling in cardiomyocytes, which leads to the decreased CICR in the cell and contractile dysfunction of myocardium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-408
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology - Medical Science
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Gene expression
  • L calcium channel
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Genetics

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