Acceptability of HIV Testing Among Jail Inmates When Combined With a Blood Test for Tuberculosis

Ank E. Nijhawan, Princess A. Iroh, Esmaeil Porsa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Incarcerated individuals are at high risk of HIV and tuberculosis (TB), though combined screening in the criminal justice system is limited. Newer blood tests for TB provide a unique opportunity to combine HIV and TB testing in corrections. Entering jail inmates were offered routine opt-out HIV testing along with TB screening, both via blood draw. Of the 529 individuals enrolled, 524 (99%) agreed to HIV testing. Testing identified 13 (2.5%) previously diagnosed HIV infections and one new positive. One quarter (138, 26%) of participants had never been tested for HIV and were more likely to be young, Hispanic, born outside of the United States, and incarcerated for the first time. Combined HIV/TB testing had high acceptability among individuals entering jail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Correctional Health Care
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Hematologic Tests
Tuberculosis
HIV
Criminal Law
Hispanic Americans
HIV Infections

Keywords

  • acceptability
  • combined
  • HIV testing
  • incarceration
  • tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Acceptability of HIV Testing Among Jail Inmates When Combined With a Blood Test for Tuberculosis. / Nijhawan, Ank E.; Iroh, Princess A.; Porsa, Esmaeil.

In: Journal of Correctional Health Care, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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