Acceptability of HIV Testing Among Jail Inmates When Combined With a Blood Test for Tuberculosis

Ank E. Nijhawan, Princess A. Iroh, Esmaeil Porsa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Incarcerated individuals are at high risk of HIV and tuberculosis (TB), though combined screening in the criminal justice system is limited. Newer blood tests for TB provide a unique opportunity to combine HIV and TB testing in corrections. Entering jail inmates were offered routine opt-out HIV testing along with TB screening, both via blood draw. Of the 529 individuals enrolled, 524 (99%) agreed to HIV testing. Testing identified 13 (2.5%) previously diagnosed HIV infections and one new positive. One quarter (138, 26%) of participants had never been tested for HIV and were more likely to be young, Hispanic, born outside of the United States, and incarcerated for the first time. Combined HIV/TB testing had high acceptability among individuals entering jail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-126
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Correctional Health Care
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • HIV testing
  • acceptability
  • combined
  • incarceration
  • tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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