Acetyl-CoA induces transcription of the key G1 cyclin CLN3 to promote entry into the cell division cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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Abstract

In budding yeast cells, nutrient repletion induces rapid exit from quiescence and entry into a round of growth and division. The G1 cyclin CLN3 is one of the earliest genes activated in response to nutrient repletion. Subsequent to its activation, hundreds of cell-cycle genes can then be expressed, including the cyclins CLN1/2 and CLB5/6. Although much is known regarding how CLN3 functions to activate downstream targets, the mechanism through which nutrients activate CLN3 transcription in the first place remains poorly understood. Here we show that a central metabolite of glucose catabolism, acetyl-CoA, induces CLN3 transcription by promoting the acetylation of histones present in its regulatory region. Increased rates of acetyl-CoA synthesis enable the Gcn5p-containing Spt-Ada-Gcn5-acetyltransferase transcriptional coactivator complex to catalyze histone acetylation at the CLN3 locus alongside ribosomal and other growth genes to promote entry into the cell division cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7318-7323
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume110
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 30 2013

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Cyclin G1
Acetyl Coenzyme A
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Cell Cycle
Acetylation
Food
Histones
cdc Genes
Acetyltransferases
Saccharomycetales
Cyclins
Nucleic Acid Regulatory Sequences
Growth
Genes
Glucose

Keywords

  • Epigenetics
  • Growth control
  • Metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Acetyl-CoA induces transcription of the key G1 cyclin CLN3 to promote entry into the cell division cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae",
abstract = "In budding yeast cells, nutrient repletion induces rapid exit from quiescence and entry into a round of growth and division. The G1 cyclin CLN3 is one of the earliest genes activated in response to nutrient repletion. Subsequent to its activation, hundreds of cell-cycle genes can then be expressed, including the cyclins CLN1/2 and CLB5/6. Although much is known regarding how CLN3 functions to activate downstream targets, the mechanism through which nutrients activate CLN3 transcription in the first place remains poorly understood. Here we show that a central metabolite of glucose catabolism, acetyl-CoA, induces CLN3 transcription by promoting the acetylation of histones present in its regulatory region. Increased rates of acetyl-CoA synthesis enable the Gcn5p-containing Spt-Ada-Gcn5-acetyltransferase transcriptional coactivator complex to catalyze histone acetylation at the CLN3 locus alongside ribosomal and other growth genes to promote entry into the cell division cycle.",
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T1 - Acetyl-CoA induces transcription of the key G1 cyclin CLN3 to promote entry into the cell division cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

AU - Lei, Shi

AU - Tu, Benjamin P.

PY - 2013/4/30

Y1 - 2013/4/30

N2 - In budding yeast cells, nutrient repletion induces rapid exit from quiescence and entry into a round of growth and division. The G1 cyclin CLN3 is one of the earliest genes activated in response to nutrient repletion. Subsequent to its activation, hundreds of cell-cycle genes can then be expressed, including the cyclins CLN1/2 and CLB5/6. Although much is known regarding how CLN3 functions to activate downstream targets, the mechanism through which nutrients activate CLN3 transcription in the first place remains poorly understood. Here we show that a central metabolite of glucose catabolism, acetyl-CoA, induces CLN3 transcription by promoting the acetylation of histones present in its regulatory region. Increased rates of acetyl-CoA synthesis enable the Gcn5p-containing Spt-Ada-Gcn5-acetyltransferase transcriptional coactivator complex to catalyze histone acetylation at the CLN3 locus alongside ribosomal and other growth genes to promote entry into the cell division cycle.

AB - In budding yeast cells, nutrient repletion induces rapid exit from quiescence and entry into a round of growth and division. The G1 cyclin CLN3 is one of the earliest genes activated in response to nutrient repletion. Subsequent to its activation, hundreds of cell-cycle genes can then be expressed, including the cyclins CLN1/2 and CLB5/6. Although much is known regarding how CLN3 functions to activate downstream targets, the mechanism through which nutrients activate CLN3 transcription in the first place remains poorly understood. Here we show that a central metabolite of glucose catabolism, acetyl-CoA, induces CLN3 transcription by promoting the acetylation of histones present in its regulatory region. Increased rates of acetyl-CoA synthesis enable the Gcn5p-containing Spt-Ada-Gcn5-acetyltransferase transcriptional coactivator complex to catalyze histone acetylation at the CLN3 locus alongside ribosomal and other growth genes to promote entry into the cell division cycle.

KW - Epigenetics

KW - Growth control

KW - Metabolism

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