ACTH induction of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, cholesterol biosynthesis, and steroidogenesis in primary cultures of bovine adrenocortical cells

W. E. Rainey, J. W. Shay, J. I. Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current studies demonstrate that corticosteroidogenesis can be maintained by primary cultures of bovine adrenocortical cells under lipoprotein-depleted conditions. The cholesterol necessary as substrate for steroid synthesis was found to arise from de novo synthesis within these cells. Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) increased 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity 5-fold within 12 h after addition to the medium. The increase in activity apparently represented accumulation of enzyme as determined by protein blotting and immunodetection. The predominant immunodetectable species of HMG-CoA reductase from bovine adrenal cells was 97,000 daltons; no higher molecular mass species was detectable. The ACTH induction of HMG-CoA reductase activity could be prevented after inhibition of cholesterol conversion to pregnenolone with clotrimazole. These results are suggestive that ACTH increases adrenocortical cholesterol biosynthesis and HMG-CoA reductase activity after conversion of a cellular pool of cholesterol and/or oxysterol into steroid. The increased rate of cholesterol biosynthesis is then capable of maintaining ACTH-promoted steroid production. This is the first study, in vitro, to demonstrate an ACTH-promoted accumulation of HMG-CoA reductase of adrenocortical cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7322-7326
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number16
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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