Action of recombinant human apoptotic endonuclease G on naked DNA and chromatin substrates: Cooperation with exonuclease and DNase I

Piotr Widlak, Lily Y. Li, Xiaodong Wang, William T. Garrard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endonuclease G (endoG) is released from mitochondria during apoptosis and is in part responsible for internucleosomal DNA cleavage. Here we report the action of the purified human recombinant form of this endonuclease on naked DNA and chromatin substrates. The addition of the protein to isolated nuclei from non-apoptotic cells first induces higher order chromatin cleavage into DNA fragments ≥ 50 kb in length, followed by inter- and intranucleosomal DNA cleavages with products possessing significant internal single-stranded nicks spaced at nucleosomal (∼190 bases) and subnucleosomal (∼10 bases) periodicities. We demonstrate that both exonucleases and DNase I stimulate the ability of endoG to generate double-stranded DNA cleavage products at physiological ionic strengths, suggesting that these activities work in concert with endoG in apoptotic cells to ensure efficient DNA breakdown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48404-48409
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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