Activation and interaction of CD44 and hyaluronan in immunological systems

Mark H. Siegelman, Heather C. DeGrendele, Pila Estess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adhesive interactions between receptors on vascular endothelial cells (EC) and circulating leukocytes are pivotal in regulating leukocyte extravasation. Although primary adhesion of lymphocytes to EC has been primarily attributed to the selecting family of receptors, CD44 can also mediate tiffs function when activated to bind its ligand hyaluronan (HA). Triggering through the T cell receptor induces activated CD44 and CD44 dependent primary adhesion in both human and mouse lymphocytes, and the interaction can mediate the extravasation of activated T cells into an inflamed site. Lymphocytes capable of CD44/HA dependent primary adhesion are found in peripheral blood of some rheumatologic patients, and their presence is associated with concurrent symptomatic or active disease. Thus, circulating T cells bearing activated CD44 may represent a pathogenically important subpopulation of activated cells that is elevated under conditions of chronic inflammation. Together, these data add to the selecting and immunoglobulin gene families a new receptor/ ligand pair and further our understanding of their potential physiological role; i.e., antigen-specific T cell activation together with local vascular inflammation permits the CD44/HA interaction and subsequent T cell extravasation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-321
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Arthritis
  • Hyaluronate
  • Inflammation
  • Systemic lupus erythematosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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