Activation of GPR75 Signaling Pathway Contributes to the Effect of a 20-HETE Mimetic, 5,14-HEDGE, to Prevent Hypotensive and Tachycardic Responses to Lipopolysaccharide in a Rat Model of Septic Shock

Bahar Tunctan, Sefika Pinar Senol, Meryem Temiz-Resitoglu, Dilsah Ezgi Yilmaz, Demet Sinem Guden, Omer Bahceli, Mehmet Furkan Horat, Seyhan Sahan-Firat, Ayse Nihal Sari, John R. Falck, Raghunath Reddy Anugu, Kafait U. Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The orphan receptor, G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 75, which has been shown to mediate various effects of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), is considered as a therapeutic target in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in which changes in the production of 20-HETE play a key role in their pathogenesis. Our previous studies showed that 20-HETE mimetic, N-(20-hydroxyeicosa-5[Z],14[Z]-dienoyl)glycine (5,14-HEDGE), protects against vascular hyporeactivity, hypotension, tachycardia, and arterial inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rats. This study tested the hypothesis that the GPR75 signaling pathway mediates these effects of 5,14-HEDGE in response to systemic exposure to LPS. Mean arterial pressure reduced by 33 mm Hg, and heart rate increased by 102 beats/min at 4 hours following LPS injection. Coimmunoprecipitation studies demonstrated that (1) the dissociation of GPR75/Gαq/11and GPR kinase interactor 1 (GIT1)/protein kinase C (PKC) α, the association of GPR75/GIT1, large conductance voltage and calcium-activated potassium subunit β (MaxiKβ)/PKCα, MaxiKβ/proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase (c-Src), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/c-Src, MaxiKβ, and EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation were decreased, and (2) the association of GIT1/c-Src was increased in the arterial tissues of rats treated with LPS. The LPS-induced changes were prevented by 5,14-HEDGE. N-[20-Hydroxyeicosa-6(Z),15(Z)-dienoyl]glycine, a 20-HETE antagonist, reversed the effects of 5,14-HEDGE in the arterial tissues of LPS-treated rats. Thus, similar to 20-HETE, by binding to GPR75 and activating the Gαq/11/PKCα/MaxiKβ, GIT1/PKCα/MaxiKβ, GIT1/c-Src/MaxiKβ, and GIT1/c-Src/EGFR signaling pathways, 5,14-HEDGE may exert its protective effects against LPS-induced hypotension and tachycardia associated with vascular hyporeactivity and arterial inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-293
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 20-HETE
  • arterial inflammation
  • GPR75 signaling pathway
  • hypotension
  • lipopolysaccharide
  • vascular hyporeactivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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