We have analyzed signaling pathways involved in neurotrophic factor (NTF)-induced upregulation of nociceptive properties, specifically vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1), by adult rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Upregulation of VR1 by nerve growth factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor is partially blocked by a MEK inhibitor. Dominant negative Ras, but not Rap, blocks NTF-induced ERK activation and VR1 upregulation. Activated Ras mimics NTF-mediated induction of VR1 in dorsal root ganglion neurons. An inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, LY294002, also inhibited NTF-induced VR1 upregulation. However, this may at least in part be due to a block of NTF-induced ERK activation. Constitutive simultaneous stimulation of both ERK and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is not sufficient for VR1 upregulation. Together, the data suggest that VR1 expression by dorsal root ganglion neurons is regulated by common Ras-dependent pathways.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology