Activation of the Campylobacter jejuni FlgSR two-component system is linked to the flagellar export apparatus

Stephanie N. Joslin, David R. Hendrixson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activation of σ 54-dependent gene expression essential for formation of flagella in Campylobacter jejuni requires the components of the inner membrane-localized flagellar export apparatus and the FlgSR two- component regulatory system. In this study, we characterized the FlgS sensor kinase and how activation of the protein is linked to the flagellar export apparatus. We found that FlgS is localized to the C. jejuni cytoplasm and that His141 of FlgS is essential for autophosphorylation, phosphorelay to the cognate FlgR response regulator, motility, and expression of σ 54-dependent flagellar genes. Mutants with incomplete flagellar export apparatuses produced wild-type levels of FlgS and FlgR, but they were defective for signaling through the FlgSR system. By using genetic approaches, we found that FlgSR activity is linked to and downstream of the flagellar export apparatus in a regulatory cascade that terminates in expression of σ 54-dependent flagellar genes. By analyzing defined flhB and fliI mutants of C. jejuni that form flagellar export apparatuses that are secretion incompetent, we determined that formation of the apparatus is required to contribute to the signal sensed by FlgS to terminate in activation of expression of σ 54-dependent flagellar genes. Considering that the flagellar export apparatuses of Escherichia coli and Salmonella species influence σ 28-dependent flagellar gene expression, our work expands the signaling activity of the apparatuses to include σ 54-dependent pathways of C. jejuni and possibly other motile bacteria. This study indicates that these apparatuses have broader functions beyond flagellar protein secretion, including activation of essential two-component regulatory systems required for expression of σ 54-dependent flagellar genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2656-2667
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume191
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

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Campylobacter jejuni
Genes
Gene Expression
Flagella
Salmonella
Protein Kinases
Cytoplasm
Escherichia coli
Bacteria
Membranes
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Activation of the Campylobacter jejuni FlgSR two-component system is linked to the flagellar export apparatus. / Joslin, Stephanie N.; Hendrixson, David R.

In: Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 191, No. 8, 04.2009, p. 2656-2667.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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