Background: We investigated the safety and antitumor activity of dalotuzumab, a selective anti-insulin growth factor 1 receptor monoclonal antibody (IGF1R MoAb), plus erlotinib in a sequential phase I/II trial in unselected patients with refractory advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).The phase I trial determined the recommended dose and safety of erlotinib plus dalotuzumab at 5 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg weekly in 20 patients. The phase II trial compared outcomes to erlotinib alone and erlotinib plus dalotuzumab at the mg/kg established in the phase I trial. Results: Erlotinib at 150 mg plus dalotuzumab at 10 mg/kg was safe. The phase II trial included 37 patients in the erlotinib arm and 38 patients in the erlotinib plus dalotuzumab arm. Progression-free survival was 1.6 versus 2.5 months, overall survival was 10.2 and 6.6 months, and the objective response rate was 7.9% and 2.7%, respectively, with no significant differences between the two arms. Grade 3-5 adverse events occurred in 11 (28.9%) versus 13 (35.1%) patients, respectively. The most frequent adverse events were asthenia (36.8% vs. 37.8%), dehydration (5.3% vs. 2.7%), diarrhea (71% vs. 81.1%), hyperglycemia (13.1% vs.18.9%), and skin-related toxicities (92.1% vs. 86.4%). Conclusion: The addition of dalotuzumab to erlotinib did not improve efficacy outcome in patients with refractory advanced NSCLC.
- Epidermal growth factor receptor
- Insulin growth factor receptor
- Non-small-cell lung cancer
- Phase I/II trial
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research