Objective Our aim was to provide a description of clinical and laboratory finding: pregnancy outcomes in women with acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP). We also characterize the duration of recovery of multiorgan system dysfunction that begins after delivery. Study Design All women who were admitted to Parkland Hospital with AFLP were identified; their clinical and laboratory findings, pregnancy outcomes, and postpartum resolution of AFLP were reviewed. Results Between 1975 and 2012, there were 51 women who were identified to have AFLP. The most common complaints were persistent nausea and vomiting (57%), hypertension (57%), and abdominal pain (53%). More than 90% of these women had at least 1 of these findings or combinations thereof. A combination of hepatic and renal dysfunction was nearly universal, but with variable severity. Procoagulant synthesis was impaired in more than three-fourths of the women, which served to intensify obstetric hemorrhage for which 50% of the 51 women received blood and component transfusions. The stillbirth rate was 120 of 1000 pregnancies, and there were 2 maternal deaths. Composite recovery times of various markers of hepatic and renal function indicated normalization of most laboratory values within 7-10 days after delivery. Conclusion The clinical features and laboratory findings of women with AFLP derive from the central pathologic process: liver failure. After delivery, clinical recovery typically is seen within 3-4 days; however, laboratory abnormalities can persist for much longer.
- acute fatty liver of pregnancy
- obstetric hemorrhage
- renal dysfunction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology