Acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16) with CBFB-MYH11, 3'CBFB deletion, variant t(9;22) with BCR-ABL1, and del(7)(q22q32) in a pediatric patient: case report and literature review

Carlos A. Tirado, Federico Valdez, Laura Klesse, Nitin J. Karandikar, Naseem Uddin, Arnaldo Arbini, Nicholas Fustino, Robert Collins, Sangeeta Patel, Ruth L. Smart, Rolando Garcia, Jeff Doolittle, Weina Chen

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Abstract

Coexistence of inv(16) and t(9;22) is a rare chromosomal aberration, one that has been described in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), mainly in myeloid blast crisis, and de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Approximately 14 cases have been reported, including only 1 pediatric case. Here we present the case of a 13-year-old boy with a new diagnosis of AML with some features of monocytic differentiation. Conventional cytogenetic analyses on unstimulated blood showed three related abnormal clones with inv(16) in the stemline: 46,XY,inv(16)(p13.1q22)[2]/46,idem,del(7)(q22q32)[16]/46,idem,t(9;22;19)(q34;q11.2;p13.1)[2]. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies on interphase nuclei and previously G-banded metaphases showed a 3'. CBFB deletion and confirmed the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome in a t(9;22;19) rearrangement. Deletion 7q31 was also confirmed by interphase FISH analysis. The patient was treated with standard AML chemotherapy plus gemtuzumab as part of a clinical trial. At 10-months follow-up, he was in remission. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of a pediatric case of de novo AML with a stemline showing inv(16) along with 3'. CBFB deletion, an abnormal clone revealing in addition a del(7)(q22q32), and another clone with a t(9;22;19)(q34;q11.2;p13.1) as an additional abnormality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-59
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Volume200
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

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