Acute postdisaster psychiatric disorders

identification of persons at risk

Elizabeth M. Smith, Carol S North, Robert E. McCool, James M. Shea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the prevalence of four psychiatric disorders - posttraumatic stress disorder, major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, and alcohol abuse/dependence - in survivors of a jet plane crash into a hotel. Forty-six subjects were interviewed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule/Disaster Supplement within 4-6 weeks of the event. More than half of the subjects met criteria for a psychiatric disorder after the disaster. More than two-thirds of the cases of acute postdisaster psychiatric disorders were predicted by identifying the subjects who had predisaster psychiatric histories. Predisaster psychiatric disorder predicted postdisaster psychopathology with a sensitivity of 72% and a specificity of 90%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-206
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume147
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Psychiatry
Disasters
Alcoholism
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Psychopathology
Survivors
Appointments and Schedules
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Acute postdisaster psychiatric disorders : identification of persons at risk. / Smith, Elizabeth M.; North, Carol S; McCool, Robert E.; Shea, James M.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 147, No. 2, 1990, p. 202-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, Elizabeth M. ; North, Carol S ; McCool, Robert E. ; Shea, James M. / Acute postdisaster psychiatric disorders : identification of persons at risk. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1990 ; Vol. 147, No. 2. pp. 202-206.
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