Pneumonectomy (PNX) leads to chronic asymmetric ventilatory loading of respiratory muscles (RM). We measured RM energy requirements during exercise from RM blood flow (Q) using a fluorescent microsphere technique in dogs that had undergone right PNX as adults (adult R-PNX) or as puppies (puppy R-PNX), compared with dogs subjected to right thoracotomy without PNX as puppies (Sham) and to left PNX as adults (adult L-PNX). Ventilatory work (W) was measured during exercise. RM weight was determined post mortem. After adult and puppy R-PNX, the right hemidiaphragm becomes grossly distorted, but W and right costal muscle mass increased only after adult R-PNX. After adult L-PNX, the diaphragm was undistorted; W and left hemidiaphragm RM Q were elevated, but muscle mass did not increase. Mass of parasternal muscle did not increase after adult R-PNX, despite increased Q. Thus muscle mass increased only in response to the combination of chronic stretch and dynamic loading. There was a dorsal-to-ventral gradient of increasing Q within the diaphragm, but the distribution was unaffected by anatomic distortion, hypertrophy, or workload, suggesting a fixed pattern of neural activation. The diaphragm and parasternals were the primary muscles compensating for the asymmetric loading from PNX.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of applied physiology|
|State||Published - Nov 20 2000|
- Work of breathing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)